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[Bylined Article] “Towards pioneering AI legislation”

When we upload a photo of our children to a public platform, share our data for a job application or to get a credit card, when we observe a camera that records and extracts patterns or when we receive a preventive diagnosis coming from an Artificial Intelligence algorithm, are we aware of what this may really imply? Do we even know what is happening? Is there any regulation that will then take care of ensuring that the answer to these questions is something good for us?

The recent approval, by the Future Commission of the House of Representatives, to legislate on the regulation of robotics and technologies related to artificial intelligence in Chile marks a significant milestone in the regulatory development of frontier technologies.

The project, born from a parliamentary proposal and focused on creating an area of digital sovereignty for artificial intelligence systems, has as its central objective to achieve a delicate balance. The aim is to guarantee the protection of the fundamental rights enshrined by the Chilean State without unjustifiably slowing down the development and access to these technologies that are increasingly omnipresent in our society.

In the grounds of this legislative initiative, the importance of achieving a balance that safeguards the fundamental rights of individuals, but at the same time allows for the necessary progress in this type of technology, is emphasized.

The project proposes to establish limits and requirements for implementation and application, making responsible any person, natural or legal, who interacts with artificial intelligence systems.

The proposal not only seeks to regulate civil liability and intellectual property rights, but also seeks to address fundamental ethical considerations associated with artificial intelligence.

This ethical approach is a crucial recognition of the challenges and dilemmas posed by the increasing integration of artificial intelligence into various aspects of everyday life. Clear examples of the potential vulnerabilities it generates have been shown with the creation of images and videos that in many cases may even include minors.

The project, which began its processing in April 2023, not only aims to regulate the criminal, educational, cultural and audiovisual aspects of artificial intelligence, but also seeks to protect intellectual property rights and the rich variety of artistic and cultural creations.

It also highlights the need to protect consumers and to rigorously address the processing of personal data in the context of these emerging technologies.

Thus, the approval of this legislative proposal opens the door to a democratic discussion on the ethical considerations and responsible implementation of artificial intelligence.

By seeking a unified and coherent legislation, Chile demonstrates its commitment to the ethical and effective management of frontier technologies, laying the groundwork for a technological development that harmonizes with the fundamental values and rights of its society.

Something that, given the speed with which these innovations are being incorporated, cannot wait any longer.

América Economía

Author: Alexis Montecinos, Co Founder and CEO, Pharu Analytics

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